Causes of Insomnia

Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep for multiple nights each week and/or for more than three months. There are a number of potential causes for insomnia, ranging from other medical conditions to lifestyle choices and sleep environment.

Medical Causes for Insomnia

Insomnia may be the result of other physical and/or mental health conditions. Insomnia is often experienced by people with:

Prescription and over-the-counter medications to treat these and other conditions, like allergies, can contribute to difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep.

Lifestyle and Situational Causes of Insomnia

Stress is a common cause of insomnia. Sleep problems can be caused by temporary stresses, such as workplace deadlines or spats with a partner or family member, or by major life changes, such as death, divorce or relocation.

Other lifestyle choices that can cause insomnia include:

  • Substance abuse
  • Overconsumption of caffeine or other stimulants
  • Nighttime eating and/or drinking that affects blood sugar levels during sleep
  • Sudden stoppage of a prescription or OTC sleep aid
  • Variable schedule (e.g. shift work)

Poor sleep hygiene, including sleeping in an environment with too much light, noise (including a snoring bed partner) or extreme temperatures, can also cause insomnia.

Insomnia Treatments

Some underlying causes of insomnia can be addressed through behavior and/or environment changes, like putting up blackout curtains, removing electronic devices from your bedroom and establishing a regular bedtime. However, if you have tried everything to get a better night’s rest with no success, contact Neurology & Sleep Medicine in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Our sleep specialist can help you identify the underlying cause of your insomnia and recommend the best treatment to improve your sleep.

Find out what’s causing your insomnia so that you can get the right treatment. Call Neurology & Sleep Medicine to schedule an initial consultation today.

Sleep: The Foundation of Your Health—We Can Strengthen It.


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